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Home > Magazines > Issues 126-150

Issues 126-150

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Issue 126

ISSUE No. 126 (Code A126)

THE NORWEGIAN CAMPAIGN This special issue featuring the campaign in Norway in 1940 shows Jean Paul Pallud at his best. His knack of ferreting out the obscure locations in uncaptioned wartime photographs has been demonstrated in many previous issues, but this time he has excelled himself. Sometimes knee-deep in snowdrifts, he was able to cover all the battle sites spread out over hundreds of miles - from Oslo in the south to Narvik in the far north. He had the pleasure to picture for us (see our cover) the half-submerged wreck of one of the German warships still lying in a fjord, certainly the largest wreck of WWII still lying in situ. The chapters in this special issue cover: Daring preventative plans - Norwegian lack of preparation - Weserübung Nord - Confusion on the Allied side - Landing! - Failure at Oslo - Allied reaction - Operation 'Rupert' - Operation 'Sickle' - Operation 'Maurice' - Narvik, the only Allied success - King Håkon leaves Norway.

Issue 127

ISSUE No. 127 (Code A127)

PANTELLERIA Marco Belogi and Elena Leoni describe how the Axis garrison on this small volcanic island in the central Mediterranean was captured following an intensive aerial bombardment in 1943. United Kingdom My Life with the Parachute Mine in the Blitz - In his own words, Sub-Lieutenant Edward Woolley describes how, after a day's training, he was thrust into action to counter the threat of German parachute mines in London, the provinces, and Coventry. It Happened Here The Narwa Battle in Estonia - Erik Rundkvist and Petter Kjellander describe their trip to explore the battlefield. Wreck Discovery Exploring the World War II Secrets of Hawaii - Joe Dovener makes an amazing discovery. A Veteran Returns Battle at Veghel Revisited - By Robert E. Perdue Jr., a former member of the 101st Airborne Division. Finland Soviet Air Attacks on Helsinki - A detailed description of the Russian blitz on the Finnish capital by Cris Whetton and Tuomo Virkkunen. Remembrance Victoria's Shrine of Remembrance - The history of this beautiful Australian memorial is described by David Mitchelhill-Green.

Issue 128

ISSUE No. 128 (Code A128)

THE FLENSBURG GOVERNMENT When Hitler committed suicide in Berlin, his will appointed Grossadmiral Dönitz as Head of State. The Dönitz government lasted for just 23 days — from May 1 to May 23 — in Flensburg on the Danish border. In this article we revisit the locations and describe the events associated with those final days of the German Reich in northern Germany. It Happened Here The Suicide of General Kinzel - General Kinzel was one of the four signatories to the surrender document signed on May 4 at Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters on Lüneburg Heath, yet within two months he was dead by his own hand. In this article Karel Margry follows in his footsteps. Readers Investigation In Search of My Father - David Smith recounts the fascinating story of the search for his long-lost American father. Remembrance The US National D-Day Memorial - America's memorial commemorating D-Day at Bedford in Virginia was unveiled on June 6, 2001, the brainchild of Bob Slaughter who had assaulted Omaha beach as a member of the 116th Infantry. War Film Der Untergang — The Downfall - Andrew Mollo tells the story of the making of the ground-breaking German film documenting the last days in the Führerbunker, detailing the locations used for the filming in Russia and Germany.

Issue 129

ISSUE No. 129 (Code A129)

THE BATTLE FOR FLORENCE Jeffrey Plowman describes how in mid-July 1944, the British Eighth Army in Italy launched its XIII Corps in a major drive on Florence, the Renaissance city on the Arno river in the Tuscany region, the objective being to gain the city and the river line. With the German divisions offering fierce resistance in the hills to the south of Florence, the drive evolved into a hard-fought campaign that lasted for three weeks. In the end the 6th South African Armoured Division entered Florence early on August 4, just a few hours before the 2nd New Zealand Division. It Happened Here The Kavieng Raid - On February 15, 1944, the US Fifth Air Force despatched a force of 156 light, medium and heavy bombers to the Japanese stronghold base of Kavieng on New Ireland in the south-west Pacific. Rodney Pearce, Don Fetterly and Gail Parker tell the story. Remembrance Yasukuni Jinja - Of the few remaining vestiges of wartime Japan, one of the most controversial is Yasukuni Jinja (shrine). A legacy of Japan's pre-war union of religion and state. The US National World War II Memorial - In May 2004, the United States inaugurated a National World War II Memorial on the Mall in Washington to honour all those that served, fought and died during the Second World War. Realisation of the project took 17 years and was the result of a painful process wrought with controversy, both over the site selected and the final design of the memorial.

Issue 130

ISSUE No. 130 (Code A130)

THE BATTLE FOR LEIPZIG Leipzig, 85 miles south-west of Berlin, was one of the last big German cities to be captured by the American army in World War II. The battle for Leipzig lasted for two days — April 18-20, 1945 — and involved two American infantry divisions which captured the city after a concentric attack from three directions. Remembrance Spindle Commemorated - Jean Paul Pallud describes the commemoration of the clandestine Allied parachutists who jumped in the Alps during the Second World War. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 131

ISSUE No. 131 (Code A131)

FLOSSENBÜRG - Flossenbürg was one of the deadliest Nazi concentration camps. Between May 1938 and April 1945, over 100,000 persons passed through its gates, of which at least 30,000 perished through hard physical labour, illness and starvation, mistreatment and torture, wanton killing and deliberate executions. Karel Margry describes the camps terrible past. Readers' Investigation Just One Crew of Many - John Williams tells the story of a crew of RAF Bomber Command who were shot down and killed during the Second World War. Preservation The Tunnels of Dover Castle - The medieval Dover Castle on the white cliffs facing the Channel hides a labyrinth of tunnels, underground passages and vaults beneath its rock-solid facade. Roy Humphreys takes us through this remarkable fortification on the Kent coast. United Kingdom The Freckleton Air Disaster - Niall Cherry tells how at 10.30 a.m. on the morning of August 23, 1944 the worst aircraft crash disaster in the UK during the war occurred when an American B-24 Liberator bomber smashed into the village school of Freckleton in rural Lancashire during a thunderstorm, killing 61 people. Remembrance Arlington National Cemetery - It was during the American Civil War that the estate surrounding Arlington House, situated on a hilltop overlooking the Potomac river in Washington, was requisitioned by the Union Army for a military cemetery. Now containing over a quarter of a million graves, Arlington has become a shrine to the nation's heroes and a beautifully landscaped memorial to those Americans who have served their country with honour. James Edward Peters guides us through this unique piece of American history.

Issue 132

ISSUE No. 132 (Code A132)

KING HÅKON RETURNS - Jean Paul Pallud tells the story of the Norwegian King who withdrew to Great Britain on June 7, 1940 following the German invasion of his country, and takes us through to his return on June 7, 1945 . . . five years to the day of his departure. United States Patton's Desert Training Center - In March 1942 the US Army established the Desert Training Center (DTC) to prepare its troops for desert warfare against the German Afrikorps in North Africa. General George S. Patton was instrumental in the creation of the DTC and here it is expertly described by Francis Blake, Dwain Oliver and Lieutenant Colonel John Shaw Lynch. It Happened Here Villers-Bocage Revisited - In 1999 we published Villers-Bocage Through the Lens of the German War Photographer, Daniel Taylor's detailed account of the battle in this Normandy village on June 13, 1944, in which an armoured column of the British 7th Armoured Division suffered a shattering defeat against German panzers. In the years since then, Daniel has not only gained contact with new veterans of the battle and uncovered much additional information but also found new photographs pertaining to this battle. Italy Tucker's Panthers - Jeffrey Plowman and Perry Rowe tell how on April 15, 1945, the 2nd New Zealand Division launched an attack from its bridgehead across the Sillaro river near Sesto Imolese in northern Italy. In the course of that attack, Lance-Corporal John Tucker of the 27th Battalion knocked out two German Panther tanks but was cut down by Spandau fire while attacking a third - a courageous act that was witnessed with awe by his comrades and earned him a posthumous Mention in Despatches. Wreck Discovery The Search for Charybdis and Limbourne - On the night of October 22/23, 1943, a Royal Navy flotilla of one light cruiser and six destroyers chasing a German blockade-running merchant ship in the Channel under Operation 'Tunnel' was met by the German merchantman's escorting force of five E-Boats. In the ensuing encounter two of the British ships - the cruiser Charybdis and the destroyer Limbourne - were hit by torpedoes. Charybdis sank with the loss of over 500 of its crew and Limbourne was damaged in such a way that she had to be scuttled. For 50 years the two ships lay on the seabed unexplored, their exact location unknown. Then, in 1992 the wreck of Charybdis was found by a team of French deep-sea explorers by means of a remote-control diving vehicle. Later French divers explored the ship. However, the whereabouts of the Limbourne remained unknown. In 2001 a British diving team led by Keith Morris took up the challenge. After a first expedition to explore and survey the wreck of Charybdis in June 2001, they returned in June 2002 to search for Limbourne. On June 3 the team located a wreck which they thought could be the lost destroyer. Two days later one of the team's divers, Leigh Bishop, our author, discovered a part of the ship that positively identified the wreck. After 60 years, Limbourne had been found.

Issue 133

ISSUE No. 133 (Code A133)

THE AIR WAR FOR RABAUL - Captured by the Japanese in January 1942, Rabaul was turned into a strong naval and air force base, soon establishing itself as the keystone of Japanese presence in the south-west Pacific. By 1943 some 110,000 troops were based there. In this issue, Professor Ronnie Day tells the story of the relentless air battle to subdue the base. Wreck Recovery Aichi D3A 'Val' Recovery - In December 1943, a Japanese Aichi D3A 'Val' bomber was lost during air battles over Cape Markus in New Britain, the aircraft crash-landing into the water just off the coast, killing both of the crew. Lsot for nearly 60 years, but with rumours of its existence circulating since the 1980s, the wreck was not discovered until September 2001. Gail Parker and Rod Pearce explain how Mark Reichmand and his two sons, Jared and Micah first discovered the wreck near Arawee. War Film They Were Not Divided - Trevor Popple gives a fascinating insight into the making and showing of this 1949 film which is centred around the experiences of a British armoured squadron at war. It Happened Here Rückmarsch - To coincide with the publication of his new book, Jean Paul Pallud gives an insight with this story of the German retreat from France — see our books page for Rückmarsch - The German Retreat from France - Then and Now .


ISSUE No. 134 (Code A134)

KASSERINE - Jean Paul Pallud describes how Kasserine came as a terrible blow to the Americans, a setback that struck the American home front with shocked disbelief. In their first battle against the German Wehrmacht the US Army had suffered a humiliating rout. Unlucky Baptism of Fire Within days of the German assault on Holland on May 10, 1940, it became clear that the air defences on the continent were insufficient to counter the weight of the Luftwaffe. As a consequence, RAF fighter units based in southern England were deployed in support of squadrons of the British Air Forces in France (BAFF) and for most it would be their baptism of fire. Jan Jolie tells how tragically, for some young pilots their first experience of combat would also prove to be their last. MWO (Dutch VC) for the Polish Para Brigade On May 31, 2006, in an official ceremony in the courtyard of the Dutch Parliament building in The Hague, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands awarded the Militaire Willems Orde (Military Order of William) — the highest Dutch military decoration for bravery in war — to the 1st Independent Polish Parachute Brigade for the role it played during the Battle of Arnhem in September 1944. At the same time, the brigade's wartime commander, Major-General Stanislaw Sosabowski (1982-1967), was given a posthumous Bronzen Leeuw (Bronze Lion), Holland's second-highest gallantry award.

Issue 135

ISSUE No. 135 (Code A135)

THE CAPTURE OF BREMEN - The north-German port of Bremen was one of the last great cities to be taken by the British Army in the European campaign, being captured in the last week of April 1945. Karel Margry describes how the city fell to a two-fold attack by three infantry divisions, supported by tanks and special armour, and aided by a massive tactical bombardment by nearly 800 aircraft of RAF Bomber Command. Pickett/Hamilton Fort Recovery Robin J. Brooks tells how a prime example of Britain's wartime anti-invasion defences was dug up from RAF Manston (recently renamed Kent International Airport): a retractable pillbox for airfield defence which was known as the Picket/Hamilton Fort. The Secret Tunnels of South Heighton From June 1940 to August 1945 the Guinness Trust Holiday Home, a large mansion on Heighton Hill outside Newhaven in East Sussex, served as a Royal Navy headquarters establishment known as HMS Forward. Here, in 1941, a top-secret naval intelligence centre was set up to monitor all marine movements and hazards such as hostile aircraft off the Sussex Coast. Geoffrey Ellis describes how a large underground complex of tunnels was excavated in the chalk-rock hill on which the house stood to provide its staff with a safe and bomb-proof working area. The Tommy Roberts Story Gail Parker tells the story of Thomas 'Tommy' Harbaugh Roberts, born in Elkhart, Indiana, on May 6, 1916, who joined the USAAF and was posted to the South Pacific where he joined up with the 2/16th Australian Infantry Battalion and his actions earned him the Silver Star, awarded posthumously to his father after the war.

Issue 136

ISSUE No. 136 (Code A136)

THE CAPTURE OF WILLIAM JOYCE - William Joyce became notorious during the war as propaganda broadcaster in English for the Nazi-German radio, and is generally judged one of the worst traitors in British history. After the Battle Editor, Karel Margry, tells the fascinating story of his capture by two British officers near Flensburg. The Surrender of Nauru and Ocean Island David Mitchelhill-Green takes us back to Nauru, and to its sister atoll Ocean Island, to recount the story of their surrender in September 1945. Relics of War along the Barents Road An ancient trade route along which people have journeyed since the beginning of time — on foot, by reindeer, sled, horse and wagon, and by motorised transport — the Barents Road connects four Nordic countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Crossing a vast territory along the Arctic Circle it also passes numerous Second World War battlegrounds, wreck sites and museums. Lars Gyllenhaal takes us for a stroll along this amazing route. Missing in Borneo George O. Sutherland tells us how in March 1985, timber hands working in the jungle of north-west Borneo reported finding a wartime aircraft wreck. It was to be the beginning of a search and recovery adventure that was to result in the identification of a Glenn Martin B-10 bomber of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Air Force that had been shot down on December 28, 1941 and had been missing ever since. T-34 Beutepanzer recovered in Estonia The battlefields of Eastern Europe hide some quite amazing discoveries. In September 2000, the Estonian battlefield exploration group Otsing recovered a complete T-34 tank from a lake in the woods near the provincial capital of Jöhvi. The Editor explains that although it was already an astonishing story there was another twist to it. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 137

ISSUE No. 137 (Code A137)

THE KOKODA TRAIL - Between July and November 1942, Australian army units fought a hard and difficult jungle campaign against the Japanese along the Kokoda Trail — a narrow, mountainous, jungle-enveloped pathway across the Owen Stanley Range in Papua New Guinea. Phillip Bradley takes us back along this trail. Kododa — The Movie Gail Parker looks at the movie which is a clear reflection of the growing interest in Australia for the savage campaign fought in the jungles of New Guinea. Milag Marlag POW Camps at Westertimke From 1941 to 1945, the small village of Westertimke in northern Germany was the location of a complex of prisoner of war camps known as Milag-Marlag. Karel Margry takes us through this fascinating site. The Fall of Rimini Jeffrey Plowman and Glenn Hodgson tell us how this resort became a key area for the Allies in September 1944 as it was the gateway to the Romagna, the plains of which they considered ideal tank country, if they could only get there before the autumn rains.

Issue 138

ISSUE No. 138 (Code A138)

THE BATTLE FOR SAINT-LÔ - As General Omar N. Bradley's US First Army made its way inland following the successful D-Day landings in Normandy of June 6, 1944, the immediate objective was to capture the Cotentin peninsula and secure the viatal port of Cherbourg. On the remainder of their front the Americans essentially went into a holding pattern, waiting for the fall of Cherbourg, at which point all energies would be directed towards a break-out to the south. The axis for any such attack lay along the main road south from Carentan, leading to the key objective, the city of St Lô. Phillip Bradley tells the story. Following my Father's Footsteps Jean Paul Pallud tells us the moving story of his father's involvement in the Second World War and re-traces his footsteps today. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 139

ISSUE No. 139 (Code A139)

THE CAPTURE OF LE HAVRE - The capture of Le Havre was a classic example of a successful set-piece battle. After the German defences had been 'softened up' by colossal aerial, and naval bombardment and artillery shelling, a 'seige-train' of specialised armour broke through the outer crust of the German defensive perimeter and allowed two British infantry divisions to push through the gap and methodically reduce the enemy strongholds before driving into the heart of the city. Karel Margry tells this fascinating story. The Plessey Tunnel Factory Andrew Emmerson tells us how in November 1940, the London-based Plessey Company, a major electrical firm and manufacturer of aircraft components set up an underground factory in five miles of newly-constructed but still unused tunnels of the London Underground in north-east London. The Carpatho-Dukla Operation - Pavel Nater explains how on August 29, 1944, the Slovak national army and partisan forces in the republic of Slovakia (the eastern half of former Czechoslovakia and a vassal state of Nazi Germany since March 1939) rose in rebellion in response to a German invasion of their territory. The fighting lasted for two months and ended in defeat of the insurgents, their last stronghold — the town of Banska Bystrica — falling on October 27.

Issue 140

ISSUE No. 140 (Code A140)

THE BATTLE FOR GEILENKIRCHEN - On November 18, 1944, the Allies launched an assault to capture the German town of Geilenkirchen. Located as it was right on the boundary between the British and American armies in Europe, it was reduced in a joint Anglo-American operation. Karel Margry tells this fascinating story. 1945 Battlefield Tour Major R. G. Matthews takes us back to September 1945 when a party of 23 officers and men of the 4th Battalion, The Dorsetshire Regiment, plus four men of the affiliated 112th Field Regiment, RA, left their barracks in Oerrel in north-west Germany, to embark on a 16-day tour through Holland, Belgium, France and Germany. The Dickin Medal and the PDSA Animal Cemetery - Gail Parker explains how the founder of the PDSA inaugurated a special award in 1943 to honour those individual animals which had performed brave acts during the war - later extended to peacetime activities. Many of these animals can be found in the PDSA Animal Cemetery in Ilford, Essex.

Issue 141

ISSUE No. 141 (Code A141)

THE OB. WEST HQ AT SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE - Jean Paul Pallud tells how after seven months of 'Phoney War', the Wehrmacht launched its attack in the West on May 10, 1940 and within six weeks the Netherlands, Belgium and France had been defeated, as had the British Expeditionary Force. The Armistice with France was signed on June 22 and hostilities ceased threee days later. Of the three army groups that had fought and won the swift campaign, Heeresgruppe A was designated to remain in the West and Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt and his staff soon established themselves at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, just west of Paris. RAF Target Mapping Centre at Hughenden Manor Hughenden Manor, well known as the residence of Victorian politician Benjamin Disraeli, was in the Second World War home of the top-secret RAF target mapping centre known as 'Hillside'. Employing a motley team of talented mapmakers, it was here, in the quiet scenery of the Chiltern Hills, that all the target maps for Allied bombing missions were produced. The Discovery of HMAS Sydney - On November 19, 1941, the Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney - the pride and fame of the Royal Australian Navy - sank with all hands after a short but sharp naval battle with the German raider Kormoran in the ocean off Westeren Australia. The ship and her entire crew of 645 men seemed to have disappeared without trace. It was Australia's worst naval disaster, which left bereaved families across the nation. Karel Margry tells us the tragic story.

Issue 142

ISSUE No. 142 (Code A142)

THE GLEIWITZ INCIDENT - Dennis Whitehead tells how on the night of August 31/September 1, 1939, the German Sicherheitsdienst (Security Service) staged a series of fake border incidents along the German-Polish frontier in Upper Silesia designed to give Nazi Germany an excuse for invading Poland. The most prominent of these provocations was the seizure of the German radio station in the town of Gleiwitz. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues. US Marines at Camp Balcombe - On January 5, 1943, the US 7th Marine Regiment, part of the US 1st Marine Division, arrived in Australia after having spent nearly four months fighting on Guadalcanal. Weakened by casualties, malaria and fatigue, the men needed a respite and they were sent to Camp Balcombe for rest and recuperation. David Mitchelhill-Green tells their story. Faking Monte Cassino - Perry Rowe explains that although many photos and lengths of cine film were taken during the battle of Cassino, which raged from January to May 1944, not all of the images were taken taken during actual combat or even near Cassino. Poteau Revisited - In December 1944, a German Kriegsberichter (war photographer) took a series of staged 'action' photos near the hamlet of Poteau, Belgium, that were to become emblematic of the fighting during the Ardennes offensive. Thirty-three years later, in December 1979, Jean Paul Pallud found the location.

Issue 143

ISSUE No. 143 (Code A143)

THE WARSAW UPRISING - Piotr Sliwowski explains how on August 1, 1944, the Polish underground army in Warsaw rose in rebellion against the Germans. The leaders of the Home Army had decided to undertake the operation, not only so that Poland could be seen to liberate its own capital but also as a statement of Polish independence. Tragedy on the eve of D-Day - Jean Paul Pallud tells the tragic story of how on June 5, 1944, 28 hostages were shot by the Germans in retaliation for the killing of 11 of their comrades by a mine planted by French Resistance fighters in the village of Ugine. Revenge at Saint-Julien - Resistance attacks followed by German reprisals occurred in many places in France in the summer of 1944. However, the events that unfolded at Saint-Julien — a small village in the Dordogne 85 kilometres east of Bordeaux — in August-September 1944 were different in that they were followed by an unusual sequel: a month after the Germans had shot 17 villagers in reprisal action, and after cessation of hostilities in the area, a local Resistance group took matters into their own hands and killed 17 German prisoners of war in an act of premeditated private retribution. The 17 victims were buried in an unmarked grave where they lay for 59 years until, finally, the conspiracy of silence was broken and the remains could at last be recovered. Karel Margry guides us through this amazing story.

Issue 144

ISSUE No. 144 (Code A144) — Now with Colour Comparisons

THE BATTLE OF EL GUETTAR - Jean Paul Pallud tells how in mid-February 1943 the Axis forces launched a strong counter-attack against the US II Corps in south-western Tunisia. The 1st Armored Division's counter-moves ended in a complete disaster, the division losing two of its tank battalions in two days, with over 2,500 American soldiers being taken prisoner on February 16 and 17. After 22 days of tough fighting at El Guettar the US Army were regenerated after its unfortunate setback. Now under George S Patton's energetic command, the self-confidence and offensive spirit of the 1st Armored and 1st Infantry Divisions returned and the 9th Infantry Division had gone from being a green, inexperienced outfit to a combat-experienced and able fighting unit. POW Camp No. 13 at Murchison - From April 1941 to January 1947, the Australian town of Murchison, 165 kilometres north of Melbourne in the state of Victoria, was home to Australian Prisoner of War Camp No. 13. Built to accommodate 4,000 inmates, the camp in time came to house some 2,100 Italian, 1,300 German and from August 1944, 185 Japanese prisoners, while another several hundred Italians and Germans worked in various affiliated outstations. David Mitchelhill-Green tells the story. Putting a Name to a Face - Among the stills that Jean Paul Pallud chose to  include in his book Battle of the Bulge Then and Now published in 1984 was a shot of an unknown GI. He remained unnamed for another two decades until 2005 when American researcher Norman S. Lichtenfeld traced him in New Jersey and put a name to his face: George E. Shomo. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow-up stories on previous issues.

Issue 145

ISSUE No. 145 (Code A145) — Now with Colour Comparisons

THE LIBERATION OF CHARTRES . . . AND A TANK - Jean Paul Pallud tells the story of the US 7th Armored Division's objective to liberate Chartres in France . . . and an amazing discovery 64 years later. The Hérouvillette Murders - In the early hours of June 6, 1944, a German NCO executed captured British paratroopers of the 6th Airborne Division. Carl Ryman's account describes what happened and how the perpetrator was brought to justice after the war. Gate Guardian Aircraft - With a plentiful supply of surplus aircraft at the end of the war, Gate Guardians were a familiar site at service airfields around the UK and overseas. Gordon Riley explains the phenomenon and describes the erection of the latest at North Weald. Kapooka Training Incident - David Mitchelhill-Green recounts how 26 Australian sappers died in a training accident at the Royal Australian Engineer Training Centre at Camp Kapooka in New South Wales. The accident remains the largest training incident in Australian Army history. When Japan attacked California - Martin Morgan explains how on February 23, 1942 — just weeks after Pearl Harbor — the United States was jolted into a flurry of panic when a Japanese submarine shelled the country's West Coast: the first direct attack on the US mainland since the war of 1812. War Grave Mysteries in Spain - Tom Dooley and Vic Beauvois investigate the mystery behind two British graves in Huelva, Spain.

Issue 146

ISSUE No. 146 (Code A146) — Now with Colour Comparisons

POLISH SOE SCHOOL AT AUDLEY END - Karel Margry tells the story of Audley End House in Essex which served as a secret training school for agents of the Special Operations Executive's Polish Country Section. The Death of an Earl - Chris Ransted takes us through the story of Charles Henry George Howard, the 20th Earl of Suffolk and 13th Earl of Berkshire who was killed whilst trying to defuse an unexploded bomb in Erith — an act for which he was to be posthumously awarded the George Cross. A Tribute to Grandmother Lela Carayannis - Lela Carayannis led the largest resistance organisation in Greece during the war — her adopted grandson, George Pararas-Carayannis recounts the tale of this remarkable woman. 'Mincemeat' Revisited - In October 2009, the official history of MI5 by Christopher Andrew (The Defence of the Realm: The Authorized History of MI5 published by Allen Lane, London) confirmed once and for all the identity of the 'Man Who Never Was', the corpse floated ashore in Spain in 1943, as being that of Glyndwr Michael and also stated that he had died from rat poisoning. Three months earlier, Roger Morgan, who was the first person to discover the true identity of 'Major Martin'  revealed in After the Battle in 1996, argued his case in the play Mincemeat produced by the Cardboard Citizens Company. Cherbourg Naval Base 1940-44 - The role of Cherbourg as a German naval base is described and illustrated  by Jean Paul Pallud as a prelude to the story of the battle for the port to be published in After the Battle issue 147.

Issue 147

ISSUE No. 147 (Code A147) — Now with Colour Comparisons

THE BATTLE FOR CHERBOURG - Jean Paul Pallud continues his story from issue 146 and explains how when plans were drawn up for the Allied invasion of France, one important consideration was that it would be necessary to secure a deep-water port to allow reinforcements to be brought in directly from the United States. The planners decided that the US First Army's main task should be 'to capture Cherbourg as quickly as possible'. The Japanese Tanks of Bougainville - Quietly rusting away in the jungle of northern Bougainville, one of the Solomon Islands now part of present-day Papua New Guinea, is a pair of Japanese Type 89B Yi-Go Otsu tanks. Justin Taylan tells us how they were abandoned there by the Japanese garrison in the spring of 1945 and as a consequence they represent a rare example of combat vehicles left in situ, made even more special by the fact that there are only six specimens of this type of vehicle known to be left in existence in the world today. The Women's Land Army - Marjorie Scott explains how in August 1938, with the ever-increasing threat of war, the British government decided to set up the Women's Land Army. This was in view of the fact that the country had been brought near to starvation by the German blockade of shipping in 1917. At that time, the organisation had been created almost overnight as a desperate measure to produce more food at home. This time it was decided that Britain should be prepared in advance. The Case of Pilot Officer John Benzie - Andy Saunders shows some strong evidence and tells how we believe that a headstone to an unknown pilot of the Second World War in Brookwood Cemetery, Surrey, marks the last resting place of Pilot Officer John Benzie.

Issue 148

ISSUE No. 148 (Code A148) — Now with Colour Comparisons

WILHELMSHAVEN - Tony Colvin tells the story of this German port city on the North Sea which was greatly extended during the Nazi era to become the largest state-owned naval dockyard in the world, with Hitler labelling it the 'Kriegshafen des Grossdeutschen Reiches' (War Port of the Greater German Reich). The Liverpool Blitz - Although many of the iconic images of the Blitz were taken in London, numerous other cities outside the capital suffered heavy damage and loss of life. As a major port with extensive docks, Liverpool was an obvious target for the Luftwaffe, which began its first operations against the city in August 1940. Neil Holmes describes the devastating effect this had. Banner of Victory over the Reichstag - Nikolai Bodrikhin and Tony Le Tissier recount the tale of how Stalin gave a speech on November 6, 1944, in which he said 'The Red Army is now coming up to its last conclusive mission; together with the armies of our allies, we have to complete the defeat of the German Army, kill the fascist beast in its own lair and raise the banner of victory over Berlin.' For the Red Army soldier 'the lair of the fascist beast' meant only one thing; the Reichstag building in Berlin.

Issue 149

ISSUE No. 149 (Code A149) — Now with Colour Comparisons

THE GUNS OF GODLEY HEAD - David Mitchelhill-Green tells the story of how Lyttelton Harbour, on the east coast of New Zealand's South Island, was protected against enemy attacks by a heavy coastal battery at Godley Head. The True Glory - The making of this classic War Film is described in detail by Trevor Popple. Führerhauptquartier 'Wolfsschlucht 2' - Jean Paul Pallud tells us about the construction of a Führerhauptquartiere in Margival, eight kilometres north-east of Soissons in France, which was used only once by Hitler. The Potters Bar Incident — April 26, 1941 - Undoubtedly, the Blitz produced numerous ironics, but few quite so remarkable as that which occurred when the town of Potters Bar in Hertfordshire, or more to the point it cemetery, containing the graves of airship crews shot down over the district in the First World War, was bombed by a German raider in the Second. Andrew P. Hyde tells this fascinating story. No Longer Missing — The Search for LW337 - The remarkable search and discovery of Halifax LW337 and how one of its crew, Sergeant John Bremner, was finally laid to rest some 64 years later and is no longer missing.

Issue 150

ISSUE No. 150 (Code A150) — Now with Colour Comparisons

THE LOST SOLDIERS OF FROMELLES - Gail Parker tells of the remarkable efforts to find and finally lay to rest 250 missing Australian soldiers of the First World War in the little French village of Fromelles. The War Lover - Jerry Scutts takes us through the making of this 1961 movie which includes stars such as Steve McQueen and Robert Wagner. Return to Cefalonia - The massacre of the Italian garrison at Cephalonia in 1943 is covered in detail and the story is told by Richard Lamb. Tank Fight at Sinalunga - André Steenkamp tells the remarkable story of this short but sharp tank battle on July 2, 1944 outside the village of Sinalunga in Italy. Coventry Blitz — November 1940 - Jeff Stevenson gives a fascinating insight into his families life during this period of heavy bombing by the Luftwaffe in November 1940, reflecting the lives of many people throughout the country during these devastating raids. The Civilian War Dead Roll of Honour - For over 60 years following the end of the war, there was no memorial in London to commemorate the capital's civilian victims of the Blitz, but now a Memorial Park has been established on Hermitage Wharf in Wapping to commemorate the capital's civilian victims of the Blitz. From the Editor - Readers' letters and follow up stories from previous issues.